Saturday, May 23, 2020

Effects of Television as Mass Media on Children of 10 Years

http://customwritingtips.com/component/k2/item/11170-effect-of-mass-media-on-children.html Thursday, 01 November 2012 12:27 Effect of Mass Media on ChildrenFeatured Written by customwritingtips.com Introduction Mass media is a collective term that refers to all the media technologies whose sole intention is reaching a vast audience through mass communication. There are two major categories of mass media, which are, broadcast media and print media. Transmission of information by broadcast media is via electronic means while transmission of information by print media is via physical means. Broadcast media comprise of radio, film, CDs, television, and many more. Print media comprise of magazines, newspapers, newsletters, leaflets,†¦show more content†¦This results to development of eating disorder. Mass media tends to dictate various aspects including the ideal image or the definition of beauty. Children blindly imitate the glamour models portrayed in mass media without being careful enough to differentiate between wrong and right. Several young girls have developed self-esteem issues due to failure to match up to the image and beauty standards dictated by the media (Page amp; Evra, 2 004). A negative effect of mass media that is worth noting is with respect to sexuality. Mass media may prompt children to engage in sexual activities at an early age. Research has indicated that children are exposed to approximately 14, 000 sexual references annually in televisions. Out of these references, only 150 of them address issues of abstinence, sexual responsibility, or contraception (Preiss, 2007). This implies that sex is portrayed as a fun activity, which prompts children to have an urge to try it out. Overexposure to sexual content in videos, games and television programming is strongly linked to increasing rates of teen pregnancies. A similar case applies to substance abuse, which is highly depicted in movies that children watch. Out of curiosity, such children begin trying out different illegal drugs and substances seen in media sources. Positive Social Effects of Mass Media Despite the mentioned negative effects, there are a number of positive social effects of mass media on children.Show MoreRelatedMass Media and Violence Essay891 Words   |  4 PagesMass Media and Violence Is it hard to believe that just forty years ago only a few privileged American families had televisions in their home? In recent years, it is estimated that a whopping ninety-eight percent of Americans have one or more television sets in their home. Motion pictures, televisions, video games, and the internet are just some forms of mass media that have emerged since the last century. With the rise of mass media, the increase of violent behavior has increased as well. MassRead MoreHow Media Affects The Socialization Of Children1562 Words   |  7 PagesHow Media Affects the Socialization of Children As mass media continues to expand through our use of everyday electronics, children s socialization skills may be suffering by the lack of face to face, physical, and natural interaction. Mass media like television, computers, radios, newspapers, video games and many others play a huge role in socialization in children. Children need interaction, and mass media offers no physical interaction at all. Children are spending more and more time in theRead MoreDigital And Print Media s Effect On The Self Respect Of The Older Generation1045 Words   |  5 PagesElectronic and print media have brought about sweeping changes in human life and have had far-reaching implications for all walks of life. Originating in the early 15th century, the printing press of the newspaper made the first appearance in Germany in the late 1400 s in the mode of news pamphlets or broadsides (Barber, P. 2014) [1]; and now people are easily capable of getting information through various digital devices such as sophisticated televisions and smart phones. Mass communication, howeverRead More The Media Causes Eating Disorders Essay1334 Words   |  6 Pages According to the National Eating Disorder Association the media has a major influence on what a woman’s body should look like. Every print and television advertisement suggests that the ideal body is extremely thin. However, most women cannot achieve having a super-thin body that the media favors. The resulting failure leads to negative feelings about one’s self and can begin a downward spiral toward an eating disorder (National Eating Disorders Association). A particularlyRead MoreEssay about The Media And Violence979 Words   |  4 Pagesuse of mass media, from films to radio to television, researchers have tried to explain any association or correlation between media effects and violence. Of particular interest and concern has been the issue of violence in the media and the impact that this has on children. Although important research efforts have increased our understanding of the topic there is still a great that needs to be done in terms of the application and implementation of the findings to policies and television programmingRead MoreMass Media And Its Effect On Our Lives1286 Words   |  6 Pagessays, â€Å"Decades of study of media influence have shown one thing: the public’s awareness of and interest in a topic is directly related to the amount of attention that topic receives in the media. In other words, the mass media affect what subjects people think about. However, it has not been shown that the med ia influence just how people think about these topics† (Mass Media). Have you ever wondered how much mass media can affect your life without knowing it? Mass media are not only important becauseRead MoreMedia s Effect On Society1286 Words   |  6 PagesMedia’s Effect on Society Mass media has been the greatest source of entertainment and communication in history, and even greater with the explosion of new technology. It is defined as the means of communication, as radio and television, newspapers, and magazine that reach or influence people widely. It is a huge part of our everyday lives; we see media everywhere, and we know the latest news and trends right away because of this. It is attributed, according to Denis McQuail in his book Mass CommunicationRead MoreDue 11Th January.To What Extent Are We Influenced By The1537 Words   |  7 PagesDUE 11th January To what extent are we influenced by the media? Mass media can be defined as communication that transmits education, information, entertainment and news to mass audiences. Whether it be print media, such as newspapers and magazines, audio visual media, such as television, or cyber media, there has been debates on the impact and to what extent it can influence the populations behaviour, thoughts or actions. Print media, such as newspapers have an agenda. People trust newspapers asRead MoreThe Between Media And Body Image1348 Words   |  6 Pagesconstructed by the society and by the media. But women are affected that kind of construction. Mass media give narrow definition about the standard of beauty. Delis noticed this massage everywhere, especially in the media, â€Å"I am so affected by Glamour magazine and Vogue and all that; I’m looking at all these beautiful women. They’re thin. I want to be just as beautiful. I want to be just as thin. Because that is what guys like† (Hesse-Biber, Sharlene Nagy 12). The media representation of the thin idealRead MoreTodays Unrealistic Body Expectations1311 Words   |  5 Pageskeep track of their weight making sure to stay slim and fit. Society has a profound effect on many people, making them feel insecure about their own bodies. The mass medias use of such unrealistic images sends an implicit message to men and women that to be considered good looking they must partake in unhealthy diets, extreme exercises and unhealthy body modification enhancers, which in turn can have detrimental effects on one’s health. Such standards of beauty and appearance are almost completely unattainable

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

apocope - definition and examples of apocope in English

Apocope is a  rhetorical term for the omission of one or more sounds or syllables from the end of a word. Also called end-cut, apocope is a type of elision. Etymology: From the Greek, to cut off Examples and Observations In many poor neighborhoods, the Sandinista Front has more street cred than the local youth gang.(Tim Rogers, Even Gangsters Need Their Mamas. Time magazine, Aug. 24, 2007)Season your admiration for a while with an attent ear.(William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act I, scene 2)Loss of sounds from the end of a word is known as apocope, as in the pronunciation of child as chile.(Thomas Pyles and John Algeo, The Origins and Development of the English Language. Harcourt, 1982)After he left the city, thousands of people toasted him with beer at a barbie, an Australian barbecue.(Pope in Australia, The New York Times, Dec. 1, 1986)Newspapers have their own style and it is important that your feature matches it. For instance, it would be pointless writing a feature for a staid weekly in the style of something more suitable for a lads mag.(Susan Pape and Sue Featherstone, Feature Writing: A Practical Introduction. Sage, 2000) New Words and Names Quite a few English words have resulted from apocope, among them cinema (from cinematograph) and photo (from photograph). Names often undergo apocope (e.g., Barb, Ben, Deb, Steph, Theo, Vince).(Bryan Garner, Garners Modern American Usage. Oxford University Press, 2009) Lost Vowels Apocope is a process that deletes word-final segments, including unstressed (reduced) vowels. In Middle English, many words, such as sweet, root, etc. were pronounced with a final [e], but by the time of modern English, these final reduced vowels had been lost. We still see signs of final reduced vowels in the archaic spelling of words like olde.(Mary Louise Edwards and Lawrence D. Shriberg, Phonology: Applications in Communicative Disorders. College-Hill Press, 1983)Oliver Sacks on His Favorite WordOne of my favorite words is apocope--I use it (for example) in A Surgeons Life: . . . the end of the word omitted by a tactful apocope (Anthropologist on Mars, Vintage, p. 94).I love its sound, its explosiveness (as do some of my Tourettic friends--for when it becomes a four-syllable verbal tic, which can be impaired or imploded into a tenth of a second), and the fact that it compresses four vowels and four syllables into a mere seven letters.(Oliver Sacks, quoted by Lewis Burke Frumkes in Favorite Words of Famous People. Marion Street Press, 2011) Pronunciation: eh-PAHK-eh-pee

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Amazon Case Analysis Free Essays

The case Analysis Outline Introduction- Brief summary of the firm, officers, industry and location Problem identification: major problems to be resolved-use the 4ps model Swot Analysis: strengths: weakness: opportunities: threats Alternatives: strategic choices-solutions to the problems identified Analysis of alternatives: cost/benefit analysis of the solutions. Recommendation: best/optimal solution based on the cost/benefit analysis 1. Introduction Amazon began in 1994 created by Jeffrey Bezos a computer science and electrical engineering graduate from Princeton University. We will write a custom essay sample on Amazon Case Analysis or any similar topic only for you Order Now Amazon was created to be an online bookstore that would be customer friendly, be easy to navigate, provide buying advice, and offer the broadcast possible selection of books at low prices and submit product reviews. Bezo operated from his garage in Seattle. Bezo launched his online venture in 1995 with 7 million in borrowed capital. Because Amazon was one of the first major Internet or dot com retailers, it received a huge amount of free national publicity, and the new venture quickly attracted more and more book buyers. Amazon has a 200,000-square-foot warehouse and distribution center. Amazon employed a relatively small number of workers about 2500 worldwide. Amzon employees own over 10% of their company, a factor behind Amazon. com’s rapid growth. Amazon has pizza teams that are given considerable autonomy to develop their ideas and experiment without interference from managers. Those pizza teams come up with most of the innovation. 2. Problem identification Product- Amazon has a customer review section on its website so that a customer may display any problems that he or she has sustain with the Amazon product purchased. However maintaining the physical infrastructure to to obtain supplies of books from book publishers and then to stock, package and ship the books to customers were much higher than anticipated. Price- Amazon was at a competitive advantage with their low prices * Maintaining the physical side of amazon’s value chain was the source of the greatest proportion of its operating cost, which were draining profitability even though Amazon w as at a competitive advantage with their low prices. * Price competition was also heating up due to the other companies such as Barnes and Noble and Borders who were also selling books online. Place- Amazon place in the book selling market changed the industry forever since it was the first online book selling company. * People can purchase books from anywhere as long as they can use the internet. Promotion-Since Amazon was the first online book seller it received a lot of free publicity. * Amazon was able to capture customer’s attention and establish a first mover advantage. 3. SWOT Analysis Strengths- -First online Book selling website. -low pricing -purchase from anywhere -offers 1. 5 million books -product reviews * Weaknesses -operating costs * Oppurtunities -Global expansion -retailer -aquiring small companies -New software -Branching in new market segments * Threats -opposing companies -price wars Pressure on profit margins 4. Alternatives * Forging allies with other companies so that when customers wanted a purchase immedi ately they could pick it up from one of the alliance retailers such as office depot or circuit city. Continue being innovative with prices such as having buy one get one half off sales or reducing prices by certain percentages on particular days. 5. Analysis of Alternatives * Buy sharing profit with allies the high product stocking and distribution costs were avoided. * Profit sharing also turned the company from book seller to â€Å"leading internet product provider. 6. Recommendation Allow any small business that operate a website to become affiliated to amazon by putting a official Amazon hyperlink to Amazon’s website on its own website. How to cite Amazon Case Analysis, Essay examples

Friday, May 1, 2020

Economic Issues and Environmental Stewardship †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Economic Issues and Environmental Stewardship. Answer: Introduction The report helps in understanding the different issues that are faced by the different companies in different parts of the world. A proper critical analysis has to be done in order to identify the positive contribution of themarketing for the entire environment. The environmental stewardship has to be properly followed by the marketers in the organizations as this will help in removing and overcoming the issues related to political, ethical, and economic as well as other related issues. The main aim and purpose of the report is to analyze the different political, ethical as well as economic issues that are faced by the different companies. The company that has been selected in this report is Woolworths, Australia. The main purpose of the report is to analyze the impacts of such issues in the respective company Woolworths, Telstra and Bulla Dairy Food Products Companies. The structure of the report will include proper introduction about the environmental stewardship that are followed strictly by the marketers in the organization. The different issues have to be properly ascertained as this will help in analyzing such issues on the environmental stewardship and the proper ways to overcome such issues as well. Environmental Stewardship Environmental stewardship is defined as the responsible and proper use of the natural environment as well as proper protection of the natural environment as well (Ferrell and Fraedrich 2015). The marketers have to properly follow the environmental stewardship in their organization as this will help in overcoming the different issues that are faced by the company. Woolworths as well as Telstra are the largest supermarkets wherein different issues have been raised as this can affect the entire business along with affecting the entire brand image of company as well (Perreault Jr, Cannon and McCarthy 2013). Economic Issues is one such issue wherein it can impact the reputation of the company along with affecting the environmental sustainability as well. The period of recession and increase in the rate of unemployment has affected the financial performance of the company as well (Malhotra 2016). These factors have affected the productivity by lower the amount of sales and revenues and this has worsened the condition of the respective company as well. The respective companies has closed the operations due to the financial crisis and they are failing to access the different demands of the employees in the organization as well (Webster and Lusch 2013). Furthermore, the respective company has reduced the number of employees during the period of recession and this has led to huge loss to the company as well (May et al. 2014). The entire retail industry wherein Woolworths has a huge place, it has received continuous amount of support from the entire market to keep growing and recover the different losses as well (Johanson and Mattsson 2015). The respective company has faced issues in the proper recruitment as well as selection of the skilled employees for the company and this has created issues for the entire company as well (Kim et al. 2014). Another economic issue that has been faced by the company is increase in the rate of inflation that had huge influence on the prices of the different goods as well (Husser et al. 2014). Furthermore, these issues has to be properly managed by the respective company as this can have huge impact on the productivity along with the other issues that can impact the efficiency as well as effectiveness of the employees as well (Khang et al. 2016). The economics issues that are faced by the company have huge impact on the environmental stewardship as there are different issues in the sustainability of the organization as well (Conway 2014). Proper strategies such as increasing the entire productivity of the organization along with maintaining proper operations in the company will help in maintaining proper sustainability in the organization as well (Lehmann and Winer 2017). Legal issues are another such issue that has huge impact on the environmental stewardship as well as on the sustainability of the environment. The invasion of the privacy is one such legal issue wherein the private and confidential information are leaked by few of the employees of the respective organizations (Baker and Saren 2016). There are other issues as well as such as misleading the different kind of claims wherein problem arises among the employees as well as the customers of the respective organization as well (Galician 2013). There can be issues as well regarding the collection of data wherein the data is hacked and this can have huge impact on the sustainability of the organization along with other issues for the employees of the companies as well (Ford and Richardson 2013). There can be dissemination of different information of the organization wherein the data that was collected by the members of the organization has to be properly distributed among the different channels of distribution. Furthermore, there are different channels of delivery that are extremely controversial in nature and this can create huge issue in the company as well as on the environmental stewardship as well. Such kind of legal issues has to be properly removed and this has to overcome by the respective companies in Australia such as Woolworths, Telstra and bulla dairy Food Company as this will help in the future for the security and secrecy of the different data that has been collected by them. Proper safety and security is required and it is essential in nature as this will have huge impact on the entire company along with the sustainability of the organizations depends on it as well. Ethical issues is one of the another issues in themarketing in Woolworths, Australia as well as Telstra. The different ethics related to the advertisements along with the promotional activities in the respective company has created different ethical issues. Puffery is the ethical issue that is faced by Woolworths wherein the company had wanted exaggerated claim over the superiority of the other products upon the competitors in the competitive market. Similarly, deception is another issue wherein Woolworths as well as Telstra has made false as well as misleading statements about the different products and services in order to gain proper competitive advantage over their competitors in the market. This has affected the reputation of the company as well as the target customers have lost the faith from Woolworths as well. On the other hand, Woolworths has faced is regarding the controversial advertisements regarding different products in the competitive market. This created a lot of confusion among the customers of Woolworths and they have been confused about the advertisements whether to believe on such advertisements or not. The other ethical issues are relating to the damaging the personal autonomy or the advertisements that are causing harm to the competitors in the competitive market. When a particular organization is causing harm to the other competitors in the market, this will lead to damage of the personal autonomy of the respective company as well (Stremersch et al. 2015). These are the unethical practices that can create huge amount of negative impact on the personal autonomy of the company along with issues in their brand image as well. The unethical practices can create issues for the environmental stewardship as well as on the target customers of the company. The target customers can be badly affected as this will affect their shopping pattern from the particular supermarket as well. These are the customers who are having faith on the reliable brand and trusting the effective communication provided to them by the supermarket as well. There are other different unethical practices that can be caused by the company when they are selling different products that are banned or that are not up to mark as well. When the company is not communicating the proper information relating to the side effects of the different products that are sold by them, this can have huge impact on the trust of the customers of the organization. Similarly, Woolworths and Telstra can indulge into other unethical practices such as marketing of different goods that have unnecessary packaging of different products and this can be unsafe for use for the customers as well. Therefore, it can be analyzed that the unethical practices has to be properly reduced by the companies with the help of proper implementation of different strategies. The proper usage of different ethical advertisements along with selling proper packaged goods to their target customers will help in maintaining ethical practices in the company. This will help in maintaining proper environmental stewardship in the organization as well. The different companies have to properly analyze the different issues and solve such issues with proper strategy implementation. Conclusion Therefore, it can be inferred that proper environmental sustainability along with environmental stewardship is essential in nature for different companies. Environmental stewardship helps in gaining potential and sustainable environment for the entire community. The different issues relating to economic, legal as well as ethical issues has to be properly ascertained and analyzed as these can have huge impact on the sustainability of the organization. The economic issues that are faced by the company due to recession and unemployment can have huge influence on the respective company along with the environment. Similarly, the ethical issues relating to unethical advertisements as well as providing different and false statements on the different products can create bad impact on the view of the customers as well. Lastly, the legal issues such as the proper secrecy and confidentiality of the data have to be properly maintained as this will help in maintaining proper sustainability in the environment as well. References Baker, M.J. and Saren, M. eds., 2016.Marketing theory: a student text. Sage. Conway, M., 2014. Ethical issues in using Twitter for public health surveillance and research: developing a taxonomy of ethical concepts from the research literature.Journal of medical Internet research,16(12). Ferrell, O.C. and Fraedrich, J., 2015.Business ethics: Ethical decision making cases. Nelson Education. Ford, R.C. and Richardson, W.D., 2013. Ethical decision making: A review of the empirical literature. InCitation classics from the Journal of Business Ethics(pp. 19-44). Springer Netherlands. Galician, M.L., 2013.Handbook of product placement in the mass media: New strategies in marketing theory, practice, trends, and ethics. Routledge. Haddad, K., Singh, G., Sciglimpaglia, D. and Chan, H., 2014. To what extent do articles published in other than top journals have impact on marketing?.European Journal of Marketing,48(1/2), pp.271-287. (Haddad et al. 2014) Husser, J., Gautier, L., Andr, J.M. and Lespinet-Najib, V., 2014. Linking purchasing to ethical decision-making: An empirical investigation.Journal of Business Ethics,123(2), pp.327-338. Johanson, J. and Mattsson, L.G., 2015. Internationalisation in industrial systemsa network approach. InKnowledge, Networks and Power(pp. 111-132). Palgrave Macmillan UK. Khang, H., Han, S., Shin, S., Jung, A.R. and Kim, M.J., 2016. A retrospective on the state of international advertising research in advertising, communication, and marketing journals: 19632014.International Journal of Advertising,35(3), pp.540-568. Kim, K., Hayes, J.L., Avant, J.A. and Reid, L.N., 2014. Trends in advertising research: A longitudinal analysis of leading advertising, marketing, and communication journals, 1980 to 2010.Journal of advertising,43(3), pp.296-316. Lehmann, D.R. and Winer, R.S., 2017. The role and impact of reviewers on the marketing discipline. Malhotra, N.K., 2016.Marketing in and for a Sustainable Society. Emerald Group Publishing. May, D.R., Li, C., Mencl, J. and Huang, C.C., 2014. The ethics of meaningful work: Types and magnitude of job-related harm and the ethical decision-making process.Journal of Business Ethics,121(4), pp.651-669. Perreault Jr, W., Cannon, J. and McCarthy, E.J., 2013.Basic marketing. McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Stremersch, S., Camacho, N., Vanneste, S. and Verniers, I., 2015. Unraveling scientific impact: Citation types in marketing journals.International Journal of Research in Marketing,32(1), pp.64-77. Webster, F.E. and Lusch, R.F., 2013. Elevating marketing: marketing is dead! Long live marketing!.Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science,41(4), pp.389-399

Sunday, March 22, 2020

Immanuel Kant an Example by

Immanuel Kant Scope: The scope of Kants ethics include that reason is directed by the three problems; God, the soul and freedom which is directed to moral interests only (Immanuel Kant, 2008).To seek out the foundational principle of metaphysic of morals. Need essay sample on "Immanuel Kant" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Breadth: This includes the pure philosophy which comprises freedom and the utmost aim for life (Immanuel Kant, 2008). Immanuel Kant focused also on perception of things and ideas. Metaphysics of moral is mainly the main idea of Kant. Unit: Priori is the unit used by Kant to establish such theory. Priori is the best way to determine the principle of human being and to conclude how to act. (R. Johnson, 2004). Jeremy Bentham Scope: Jeremy Bentham states that pain and pleasure govern mankind as well as chain of causes and effect for right or wrong (Jeremy Bentham, 2008). Breadth: Mainly, this theory includes moral and its consequences. Also, its all about happiness and utility of ones moral idea (W. Sweet, 2006). Bentham also tackles about the rights of animals. Economics is also one part of the theory of Bentham. Unit: Happiness is the greatest factor in the theory of Jeremy Bentham (W. Sweet, 2006). It is also a part of all his theories. James Mill Scope: James Mills idea is based on Benthams principle of happiness (T. Ball, 2005). The idea is to maximize happiness and minimize pain (T. Ball, 2005). Breadth: The breadth of it is based on the happiness and pain. Generally, Mill focused on public policy and democracy (T. Ball, 2005). Unit: Simply, the unit of James Mill is happiness. The measure of his theories is the greatness of happiness. Work Cited Immanuel Kant. 2008. Jeremy Bentham. 2008. R. Johnson. Kants Moral Philosophy. 2004. T. Ball. James Mill. 2005. W. Sweet. Jeremy Bentham. 2006.

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Rn Heals Monthly Journal Essays

Rn Heals Monthly Journal Essays Rn Heals Monthly Journal Essay Rn Heals Monthly Journal Essay I. Activities * Took initial patient history for consultation. Assessed client for check-up and measured vital signs and anthropometric data. Administered treatment on patients based on initial assessment and findings. * Gave proper referral to patients to their hospital of choice that needed a specialist physician for their case. * Assisted the midwife in the administration of vaccines under the Expanded Program on Immunization. Administered BCG, Penta, DPT, Hep B, OPV, AMV and MMR to babies based on their immunization schedule. * Assisted the midwife during prenatal checkups. Gave proper health education to clients by giving them information on the prevention of pregnancy related illnesses. * Administered Tetanus Toxoid and skin testing for ATS to clients who just had lacerated wounds caused by accident. * Assisted the physician in the documentation of Medico-Legal cases. * Encoded disease surveillance data to PIDSR for recording. * Every week, we go on-site to assess patients for consultation and dispense medicines according to their individual case. * Attended the Community Health Team seminar held at Velarde Health Center. II. Learning/Insight * This month, I was able to administer treatments based on my clinical judgment. I was able to administer vaccines under the Expanded Program on Immunization. I was also able to administer tetanus toxoid and skin testing for ATS on my own. I am glad that I am able to learn and practice on this side of nursing; and at the same time help clients on their health needs in our community. III. Issues/Concerns * Clients lack proper health education regarding self-medication. They usually self-medicate by giving themselves antibiotics without prior consultation from a physician or from the health center. IV. Recommendation * Give clients proper education regarding antibiotics and its side effects. Explain to them that, what antibiotic works from before doesn’t necessarily mean that it would work on the client’s present illness; and that client may develop resistance to the drug if the certain antibiotic is taken regularly without change. JENEN L. VALERIO, R. N. LORENA I. CAMINO, R. N. , R. M. , M. P. H. Nurse Trainee Supervisor RONALDO I. CALINGASAN, M. D. City Health Officer.

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Part I Managing Public Organizations and Employees Article

Part I Managing Public Organizations and Employees - Article Example s terry Green and Eric Thomas are non Indian who are outstanding actors because the land in question is an Indian reserved land and there are persons like Richard Tall grass who is an official in the land. A claim has been brought forth regarding an Eric Thomas dumping toxic waste which was confirmed by relevant personnel that the substance was indeed toxic to the environment. The person the claim has been brought against is non-Indian who owns land in the reservation. Most of the reservation is currently under the ownership of the whites. The claim was brought to the director of the EPD Terry Green who took action to cease the operations by Eric Thomas of dumping the waste material (Elshtain & Cloyd 1995). The primary problem in these establishments is that there is a dumping problem to the residents of the reservation area. Despite this being so, there are also other problems eminent aside from the main one. The secondary issue then is the fact that there is no body that has proper jurisdiction as to the issues arising in the reservation area With these issues having risen in the reservation land, the source of the dumping is people who are non-Indian who can be said to be downgrading the value of the land. There is an act which had been established namely the Allotment act of 1887, this act contains the provisions of the people whom the lands here were issued. There are issues such as the health issue which can be caused from the dumping being done by Eric Thomas which should be put to consideration. The constraints here is that the people involved in the dumping of toxic waste are not co-operative with the authorities The first course of action is enactment of law correlative with the ones that are already active. The law should directly direct the issue of land degrading through dumping and other issues. The second course of action is put bodies who act as intermediaries between the people in the land who are non white and the Indians in the reservation